Tuesday, January 28, 2014

Defining Words about Semiotics.

semiotics -  the study and interpretation of signs and symbolism. How we view and react to those symbols.

sign - Signs are something that describes something else or something that might happen, such as road signs. They tell a person something else other than the actual sign itself.

signifier -The physical and actual object of a sign, it takes the form of the sign.

signified -  The concept that a signifier denotes. 

icon - It is the real resemblance of an object. A representation of something that can be recognized.

index - An index is something that we use to connect another thing. It helps us figure out information by linking signs and objects.

symbol -  We recognize what the symbol is and immediately apply it to whatever it means. For example a yellow silhouette of a deer usually makes people think of John Deere. This symbol must be learned but the connection is arbitrary, it is only because of repetition, or cultural references that a symbol means something.   

syntagm - a combination of linguistic units in a certain order to convey a certain meaning, within relationship to each unit.

paradigm - a typical pattern or model of something. A set of linguistic items that form mutually exclusive choices in particular syntactic roles.

code - A code can be a combination of symbols, letters, numbers, etc. Most commonly used to convey a message. In a technological sense it can make up codes for computers, passwords, actual coding for programs, and the list goes on.

polysemy - a word or meaning that can have multiple meanings.

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